How to change the rows into columns and columns into rows in numpy array

Dear All,

Today my friend asked me to change the numpy array’s columns into rows and rows into columns.

Then I searched in numpy documents and I got this simple way to do that.

>>>import numpy
>>>data = numpy.arange(100).reshape((10,10))

>>>data
array([[ 0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9],
[10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19],
[20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29],
[30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39],
[40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49],
[50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59],
[60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69],
[70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79],
[80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89],
[90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99]])

>>>size = data.size
>>>size
100
>>>numpy.reshape(data,size,order='F').reshape((10,10))
array([[ 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90],
[ 1, 11, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 91],
[ 2, 12, 22, 32, 42, 52, 62, 72, 82, 92],
[ 3, 13, 23, 33, 43, 53, 63, 73, 83, 93],
[ 4, 14, 24, 34, 44, 54, 64, 74, 84, 94],
[ 5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 55, 65, 75, 85, 95],
[ 6, 16, 26, 36, 46, 56, 66, 76, 86, 96],
[ 7, 17, 27, 37, 47, 57, 67, 77, 87, 97],
[ 8, 18, 28, 38, 48, 58, 68, 78, 88, 98],
[ 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, 69, 79, 89, 99]])

Refer : numpy.reshape( )
http://www.scipy.org/Numpy_Example_List_With_Doc#head-11717acafb821da646a8db6997e59b820ac8761a

we can do the same stuff in very bad manner like c, c++ way ….

>>>import numpy
>>>data = numpy.arange(100).reshape((10,10))

>>>data
array([[ 0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9],
[10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19],
[20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29],
[30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39],
[40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49],
[50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59],
[60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69],
[70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79],
[80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89],
[90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99]])

>>>rows,cols = data.shape
>>>rows
10
>>>cols
10
>>>dummy = numpy.zeros((rows,cols))
>>>dummy
array([[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.],
[ 0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.,  0.]])

>>>for i in xrange(0,rows):
... for j in xrange(0,cols):
....... dummy[ i ][ j ] = data [ j ][ i ]

>>>

>>>dummy
array([[ 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90],
[ 1, 11, 21, 31, 41, 51, 61, 71, 81, 91],
[ 2, 12, 22, 32, 42, 52, 62, 72, 82, 92],
[ 3, 13, 23, 33, 43, 53, 63, 73, 83, 93],
[ 4, 14, 24, 34, 44, 54, 64, 74, 84, 94],
[ 5, 15, 25, 35, 45, 55, 65, 75, 85, 95],
[ 6, 16, 26, 36, 46, 56, 66, 76, 86, 96],
[ 7, 17, 27, 37, 47, 57, 67, 77, 87, 97],
[ 8, 18, 28, 38, 48, 58, 68, 78, 88, 98],
[ 9, 19, 29, 39, 49, 59, 69, 79, 89, 99]])

This is what Python and Numpy power… 🙂
Enjoy the code…

Regards,
Arulalan.T

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About arulalant

Currently working as "Project Scientist – C" in National Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecasting (NCMRWF), MoES, Noida, India
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2 Responses to How to change the rows into columns and columns into rows in numpy array

  1. Steve Ludtke says:

    Did you consider

    data.transpose()

    :^)

    Like

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